AK issue n.20 - Fall 2005
The First European AK Meetings
Courtesy of the Association Culturelle Chiropractic Team
The Association Culturelle Chiropractic Team (ACCT) was created in 1974 by a group of French chiropractors interested in continuing education. From 1974, the ACCT started to promote Dejarnette SOT and to invite to France the SOT lecturers Drs Helen de Lue, Rees, Stark and Bloodworth. We then invited Drs Goodheart, Walther, White, Markham, Sabella, Sinett, Camble and Leaf. ICAK Europe was created in 1986 and later transformed into the present national ICAK chapter.
This is the major historical picture: September 2,3 & 4 1976 in Paris Orly France. This was the first time George Goodheart lectured in Europe and the beginning of the International College of Applied Kinesiology (ICAK) on the international front. The ICAK was registered in the USA that same year. This seminar was organized by the Association Culturelle Chiropractic Team (ACCT) in PLM Hotel Orly Paris Airport On Dr Goodheart's left side is Dr Sabella, DC, DIBAK, from Sydney Australia, on the left side of the paperboard in a white jacket with a bowtie is Dr Claude Portal, DC, from Tour, France. He had introduced AK to our ACCT group in 1975. ACCT decided to invite Goodheart because of Claude Portal's inspiring presentation. On the right side of the paperboard, the tall fellow with binoculars is Dr Jean Pierre Meersseman, DC.
1. Session 2 of the Basic AK 100 Hours Course
2. Session 3 of the Basic AK 100 Hours Course
3. Guest Speakers Drs David Wather, DC, and Paul White, DC
4. Guest Speaker Dr Mario Sabella, DC, from Sydney Australia
5. Dr Rees Lecturing in Paris 1976
6. Dr Goodheart testing the gluteus Maximus on Dr JF Garrigues from Italy
7. Dr Rees demonstrating the Temporo-Sphenoid line, Paris 1976
8. Dr Goodheart demonstrates Internal Pterygoid proprioceptive treatment
9 & 10. Guest speaker Dr David Leaf, DC
11. Dr Goodheart with Dr Scmoukler, DC, who is the past president of the French Chiropractic Association
12. Dr Mario Sabella from Sydney Australia
13. Dr Goodheart answers questions from Dr Ginette Bonjour from Marseille France
14. Dr Paul White, DC, now President of Nutriwest
15. Dr Sinette, DC, from New York presenting on Acupuncture
AK issue n.19 - Spring 2005
Jonas Salk, MD
From the 1920s through the early 1950s, cases of polio, or poliomyelitis, skyrocketed. In 1952, there were 59,000 reported cases in the United States. This debilitating disease killed or crippled tens of thousands of children (and some adults) every summer, subjecting them to painful dependencies upon cumbersome leg braces, wheelchairs, or the "iron lung". But in 1954, Dr Jonas Salk developed the first effective polio vaccine. Within just a few years, polio nearly disappeared.
Born in New York City to Russian-Jewish immigrant parents, Salk was the first member of his family to attend college. Upon receiving his MD from New York University in 1939, he was appointed staff physician at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City. Salk began his studies in immunization against influenza, when his attention was caught by the study of poliomyelitis. In 1947, Salk accepted an appointment to the University of Pittsburgh Medical School, at the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, where he began to develop a vaccine against polio, and devoted himself to this work for the next eight years. In 1955, human trials proved the efficacy of Salk's vaccine against the polio virus. Salk was hailed as a hero by the public to which he further endeared himself to by refusing to patent the vaccine wishing not to profit but to see the vaccine disseminated as widely as possible.
Yet, astonishingly, Salk was not enthusiastically embraced by the doctors and researchers at the time - his work challenged conventional wisdom and mainstream medical research. In contrast to the Pasteurian dogma of the times, Salk believed that protective immunity could be induced without having to introduce and infect the body with the living virus, as is the methodology used in the vaccines against smallpox and rabies. Salk proved that a "dead virus" vaccine was effective. Even after it became apparent that his vaccine worked, Salk was refused membership in the National Academy of Science. The excuse given was that he was only a technician, not a scientist. Only a year after his astounding advancement in preventing polio, Salk's vaccine was replaced with an oral polio vaccine, developed by Dr Albert Sabin, which used a live form of the virus. While there's no argument that both vaccines prevent polio, only the live Sabin vaccine can cause polio. Every year, a few cases are reported in the US, whereas in countries that use Salk's vaccine, polio has been eradicated. However, Sabin's attenuated vaccine fit the established theory of the day and was considered more "convenient" since it is administered orally. The polio virus enters the body through the gastrointestinal tract, therefore the oral vaccine allows a live, though weakened, form of the virus to follow the same path in the body as the full-fledged virus. The Salk vaccine is not alive, so it does not have the ability to move around on its own within the body nor cause illness. For this reason, the Salk vaccine is the official polio vaccine in Canada. Salk wouldn't discuss how he was treated until nearly 10 years later, so the public never knew. Through personally raising funds Dr Salk founded the Jonas Salk Institute for Biological Studies in 1963 in California. He brought together scientists and scholars from many fields of research to create an innovative center for medical and scientific research where he worked until his death. His last years were spent searching for a vaccine against AIDS.
Jonas Salk was a true humanitarian who devoted most of time outside of medicinal research traveling to international conferences and speaking to world leaders about the imminence of peace. He was honored with dozens of awards, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the Jehan Sadat Peace Award, and the Nehru Award for International Understanding. His books on peace and human survival include Man Unfolding (1972), The Survival of the Wisest (1973), World Population and Human Values: A New Reality (1981), and Anatomy of Reality: Merging of Intuition and Reason (1983).
Photo courtesy of the Salk Institute for Biological Studies
AK issue n.18 - Fall 2004
Mervin Lloyd Rees, DC
One of the most important discoveries that has greatly influenced the understanding of applied kinesiology was made by Dr Rees when he discovered the temporal sphenoidal line (TS line, the reflex points for muscles, organs, and glands). He found that points along the TS line related to organs and glands on vertebral levels. Dr George Goodheart further found that these points correlated with his major muscle/gland/organ groups. When therapy localization was first discovered, the TS line was used as a primary diagnostic tool for evaluating muscle weakness and organ dysfunction. Each point is reflexed to a vertebral level, which could indicate subluxation. In 1974, as a director of the Sacro Occipital Research Society International (SORSI), Dr Rees headed a project to research the temporal sphenoidal line and its correlation with organs and glands. This temporal sphenoidal research led to the understanding of the hyper-hypo function of glands. These reflexes are associated with the spinal levels and the associated organ systems. In 1980, Dr Rees founded his original technique: Soft Tissue Orthopedics (STO), and this research led to therapy with hand energy and vibration medicine called Harmonics. The TS line begins anterior to the external accoustic meatus at the upper border of the zygomatic process. It passes along the superior surface of the zygoma, then turns superior and passes along the sphenoid border of the zygomatic bone. At the edge of the frontal bone it passes posterior along the superior border of the greater wing of the sphenoid to the pterion and traverse inferior to approximately an inch behind the external auditory meatus. The TS line has developed the correlation between the reflex arch of muscle to organ-gland allowing for a greater understanding of subluxations and their evaluation with applied kinesiology.
AK issue n.17 - Spring 2004
Dr Weston A Price
The moniker "Charles Darwin of Nutrition" has been designated to Dr Weston A Price. In attempting to find the causes of dental decay and physical degeneration of teeth, he took his knowledge outside the lab and toured the world to study human beings.
In the early 1930s, he studied isolated groups, such as secluded villages in Switzerland, Gaelic communities in the Outer Hebrides, Eskimos and Native Americans of North America, Melanesian and Polynesian South Sea Islanders, African tribes, Australian Aborigines, New Zealand Maori, and the Native Americans of South America. In all cases, Dr Price found that the characteristics of beautiful straight teeth, freedom from decay, stalwart bodies, and resistance to disease were typical of the indigenous populations who were accustomed to traditional diets, which were rich in essential food factors.
After analyzing the foods consumed by isolated primitive peoples, Dr Price discovered that they furnished at least four times the water-soluble vitamins, calcium, and other minerals and at least 10 times the fat-soluble vitamins from animal foods, such as butter, shellfish, fish, eggs, and organ meats. These discoveries and conclusions are presented in Dr Price's classic volume Nutrition and Physical Degeneration.
This book contains stunning photographs of handsome and healthy peoples and illustrates the physical ultimate degeneration of native human groups when they discard nourishing tradition diets and replace them with modern convenience foods.
Reprinted with permission from the International Foundation for Nutrition and Health (see website page 5).
AK issue n.16 - Fall 2003
Dr Larry Webster was a visionary, an inventor, a technique developer, and a teacher when it came to chiropractic and children. Dr Webster was a 1959 graduate of Logan Chiropractic College and served his fellow man for 38 years. Known as the Grandfather of Pediatric Chiropractic, he fostered the necessity of chiropractic care for children and his natural love and ability to connect with them was felt by anyone who watched him adjust a child. All who knew him knew of his passion for teaching. He enjoyed bringing the skills and techniques he developed to other doctors of chiropractic so they would be better able to care for children themselves. His individual seminars expanded to a complete Pediatric Certification Program, the first of its kind in the chiropractic profession. In the last years of his life, Dr Webster became involved in supporting ongoing chiropractic research for children. He founded the International Chiropractic Pediatric Association (ICPA) that supports a full-time research foundation. The ICPA continues the legacy of Dr Larry Webster's vision and passion in seeing chiropractic care become a reality for all children. Dr Webster wanted to provide an association to assist field doctors. The ICPA has been a source of information for chiropractors and parents, as well as for national and state associations. An advocate for children, Dr Webster was an expert witness during the Wilk vs AMA case in 1979. Dr Webster was considered an authority in pediatric chiropractic and made himself responsible for increasing the general public's view of the growing demand for family chiropractic care by appearing on behalf of the profession. During his service as Clinic Director at Life Chiropractic College as well as the college pediatric instructor, he influenced thousands of chiropractic students, sharing with future doctors his clinical experience and teaching them to detect and correct spinal subluxations. Concerned about the constrained position of the fetus in the last semester of pregnancy, he developed the Webster In-Utero Constraint Procedure or Webster Technique, a specific chiropractic sacral analysis and adjustment to detect the problem and to provide the specific adjusting protocol that reduces interference to the nervous system and balances pelvic muscles and ligaments, which in turn removes constraint to the woman's uterus and allows the baby to get into the best possible position for birth. He taught this procedure for two decades and has helped thousands of chiropractors and their pregnant patients. Dr Webster was also the inventor of the Coronal Suture Technique, a cranial adjustment that reduces stress to the infant's developing cranium, and the Pediatric Toggle Headpiece Board, a small drop adjusting aid for infants that allows the practitioner to apply a low force, very specific drop adjustment to various segments of the baby's spine. Although the Grandfather of Pediatric Chiropractic has departed, the thousands of doctors who were his "Children in Chiropractic" will honor his life by moving forward and dedicating their chiropractic efforts to the betterment of humanity. One candle lights the way, and as the torch bearer for pediatric chiropractic, Dr Larry Webster instilled in all of us a passion and the commitment for serving children. He will continue to be an undying mentor to those of us who were graced and inspired by his life's work.
Reprinted with permission from the International Chiropractic Pediatric Association, www.icpa4kids.co
AK issue n.15 - Spring 2003
Ida P Rolf, PhD
Ida P Rolf, a native New Yorker, graduated from Barnard College in 1916; and in 1920 she earned a PhD in biological chemistry from the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University. For the next twelve years Ida Rolf worked at the Rockefeller Institute, first in the Department of Chemotherapy and later in the Department of Organic Chemistry. Eventually, she rose to the rank of Associate, no small achievement for a young woman in those days. In 1927, she took a leave of absence from her work to study mathematics and atomic physics at the Swiss Technical University in Zurich. During this time, she also studied homeopathic medicine in Geneva. Returning from Europe, she spent the decade of the 1930s seeking answers to personal and family health problems. Medical treatment available at that time seemed inadequate to her; this led to her exploration of osteopathy, chiropractic medicine, yoga, the Alexander technique, and Korzybski's work on states of consciousness. By the 1940s, she was working in a Manhattan apartment where her schedule was filled with people seeking help. She was committed to the scientific point of view, and yet many breakthroughs came intuitively through the work she did with chronically disabled persons unable to find help elsewhere. This was the work eventually to be known as Structural Integration. For the next 30 years, Ida Rolf devoted herself to developing her technique and training programs. During the 1950s, her reputation spread to England where she spent summers as a guest of John Bennett, a prominent mystic and student of Gurdjieff. Then, in the mid-60s, Dr Rolf was invited to Esalen Institute in California at the suggestion of Fritz Perls, founder of Gestalt Therapy. There she began training practitioners and instructors of Structural Integration. The more Structural Integration classes Ida Rolf taught, the more students sought admission to training. Newspaper and magazine articles began featuring the person and work of Ida Rolf, and soon the necessity for a formal organization became apparent. As early as 1967, the first Guild for Structural Integration was loosely formed and eventually headquartered in a private home in Boulder, Colorado. Until her death in 1979, Ida Rolf actively advanced training classes, giving direction to her organization, planning research projects, writing, publishing, and public speaking. In 1977, she wrote Rolfing: The Integration of Human Structures. This book is the major written statement of Ida P Rolf's scholastic and experiential investigation into the direct intervention with the evolution of the human species. Another book compiled by Dr Rolf's close associate and companion, Rosemary Feitis, is Ida Rolf Talks About Rolfing and Physical Reality. It is truly a jewel: giving us insights into Dr Rolf's unique and incredible mind.
Courtesy of The Guild for Structural Integration
n.14 - Fall 2002
The Yellow Emperor
Yellow Emperors Inner Classic, or Huang Di Nei Jing,
is the oldest known reference book on Chinese medicine. Though the
exact date of its conception has been actively debateddates
as far back as 600 BC having been suggestedit is now thought
to have been completed at some time between the first and second
centuries BC. The writings include precise descriptions of acupuncture
and the first explanations of pathological concepts, diagnosis,
and treatment. It is written as a dialogue between the Emperor Huang
Di and his Taoist teacher and physician Chi Po. The Yellow Emperor,
or Emperor Huang Di, is a legendary figure in Chinese history whose
life is dated to the Han Dynasty (206 BC to 220 AD) a period in
Chinese history of systemization, less government control, more
humane policies, a wider elite, and increased wealth and trade.
He reigned as emperor during this progressive time that blossomed
after centuries of feudalism and unrest when human illness or malady
was connected to superstitious beliefs in supernatural powers and
demons. During the Han, the relationship in the human body between
the organs was recognized as functional units called Zang (depots) and Fu (palaces). The concept
of Qi being the vital energy within the body that relies on harmony
to prevent illness was accepted and the theory of Yin and Yang was
developed. The Yellow Emperor provides history with the first written
records of the concept that soma and spirit have equal significance
and the equation of health embracing the harmony of Yin and Yang,
which forms the basis of esoteric Chinese medicine. The Inner
Classic is divided into two sections, each composed of multiple
books. The first book is titled Su Wen (or Fundamental
Questions), and it discusses medical theory; the second book,
Ling Shu (or Spiritual Axis), focuses on acupuncture.
The Yellow Emperor philosophized and discussed medicine with his
ministers; the subjects included acupuncture, for which he said
to have invented nine different types of needles, and pulse diagnosis,
which in TCM is much more intricate than in the West. It has been
said to take upwards of 15 years to master this diagnostic art.
Although the Inner Classic is credited to the Yellow Emperor
as the sole author, it is now widely believed to be a compilation
of several physicians and scholars spanning several centuries BC,
summarizing the medical ideas and techniques that had been in practice.
Following the Inner Classic, the Huang Di Ba Shi Yi Nan
Jing (The Yellow Emperors Eighty-one Classic Difficulties)
was written consisting of 81 chapters, each chapter discussing a
difficult, unresolved, or unclear issue from the Huang Di Nei
Jing. The Yellow Emperor is also credited with many great additional
accomplishments and honors such as being the originator of the Chinese
culture, the emperor who brought civilization to China, and a founding
philosopher of Taoism; and no less importantly, he is also credited
with inventing the pottery wheel and the breeding of silkworms and
for writing a manual on sexuality. EMc
AK issue n.13 - Spring 2002
Lawrence Hugh Jones, DO, FAAO
1954, Lawrence Jones made an observation that led to the development
of his Strain and Counterstrain Technique. A graduate of the College
of Osteopathic Physicians and Surgeons in California in 1936, Dr.
Jones was running a successful practice in Oregon when he was presented
with a patient who had been suffering for months from unrelenting
lower back pain. The patient displayed an apparent psoas spasm with
resultant antalgic posture and was not responding to chiropractic
care, and the pain was so persistent that he could not sleep at
night for more than a few minutes. After an initial treatment, Dr.
Jones thought it appropriate to simply attempt to find this person
a comfortable position to sleep in. With much effort, an awkwardly
folded position was eventually found. The patient was left to rest
there for 20 minutes to appreciate the relief and fully understand
the position so as to reproduce it later. The patient was then slowly
and gently released from the position and brought to stand. To the
amazement of both men, the patient stood erect with drastically
reduced pain. From this observation, Dr. Jones pursued similar discoveries
and developed a unique concept of joint lesioning and its treatment
that he called counterstrain. This technique emphasizes
the value of position of relief where the muscles are released from
tension and resistance. The necessary time to hold the position
was reduced from the original 20 minutes to a minimal threshold
of 90 seconds in order to achieve a reduction in tenderness that
remained after the treatment and allowed optimal correction of the
Dr. Jones furthered his investigations into myofascial pain and
identified the small zones of tense and tender muscle and fascial
tissue that we have learned to recognize as trigger points. He recognized
that these tender points could be probed intermittently during treatment;
after finding the position of comfort he discovered a palpable decrease
in tension and tenderness in these points. In many cases no tender
point could be identified in the area of pain, but are, as Dr. Jones
investigated and identified, in remote areas, seemingly disassociated
from the area of lesion. He discovered anteriorly located tender
points that were associated with pain throughout the spine and responsible
for a significant percentage of back pain. In the next 30 years
Dr. Jones continued developing and documenting his theories and
discoveries in understanding the application of counterstrain therapy
and tender points as reliable indicators of lesion in order to administer
treatment with increased confidence and with greatly improved results.
He is recognized as the first clinician to associate body position
with the treatment in reduction in sensitivity of these tender points.
His paper Spontaneous Release Through Positioning was
published in The DO, January 1964, and in 1981 the American
Academy of Osteopathy, of which he was an active member and fellow,
published his book Strain and Counterstrain. He spent the
latter part of his career lecturing, demonstrating at conventions,
academy meetings, and colleges, and traveling the United States
and Canada teaching Counterstrain Concepts and Techniques, which
have led to the development, understanding, and successful treatment
of myofascial pain. EMc
of the American Academy of Osteopathy
AK issue n.12 - Winter 2001-2002
Linus Pauling, Ph.D.
in Portland, Oregon, on February 28, 1901, Linus Pauling lived and
influenced almost every decade of the 20th century. He was recognized
not only as a brilliant chemist, physicist, medical researcher,
and founder of orthomolecular medicine, but also as an influential
author and peace activist.
His B.S. was in chemical engineering, which led him to his graduate
thesis at Cal Tech in 1925 on molecular structures of crystals using
x-ray diffraction. He received his Ph.D. in chemistry from Cal Tech,
with minor in mathematical physics in 1930. His first publication
was in 1931, The Structure of Line Spectra (with S. Goudsmit),
and his first influential paper was on the nature of the chemical
In 1936 he began his first research in biochemistry, on magnetism
and oxygen exchange in hemoglobin. By studying immune system antibodies
and protein structure he proved that sickle cell anemia is disease
of the hemoglobin molecule (the first molecular disease described).
Shortly thereafter, he discovered the alpha helix model of the polypeptide
protein structure. In 1956 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
for research into the nature of the chemical bond, and at this time
he began his decade-long work on biochemistry of retardation and
Twenty-five years after being diagnosed as having glomerulonephritis,
an often fatal kidney disease, his interest became aroused in megavitamin
use for mental and physical health and longevity. Pauling is responsible
for impressing upon millions of people the now common approach of
taking vitamin C to fight a cold. Pauling saw the potential for
vitamins, antioxidants and other orthomolecular substances in controlling
not only the common cold, but cancer and especially arteriosclerosis
and heart disease. From 1969-73, while he was Professor of Chemistry
at Stanford University, he published his bestseller Vitamin C
and the Common Cold (1970) and later Cancer and Vitamin C
with Ewan Cameron, M.D. (1979) and How to Live Longer and Feel
Better (1986). Prior to this, he had become the Research Professor
of Chemistry at UC San Diego and had proposed two new biomedical
fields: orthomolecular psychiatry and orthomolecular medicine (1967-69).
In 1973, the Linus Pauling Institute of Science and Medicine was
founded, and from this base he continued his research and worked
to educate the public about the dangers of smoking and the benefits
of vitamins. The Linus Pauling Institute at Oregon State University
was established in 1996.
Paulings dedication to improving the quality of human health
went further than medicine. His work in the peace movement resulted
in the first Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, which awarded Pauling the
Nobel Peace Prize in 1962 Pauling still stands as the only
person to have ever received two independent Nobels. Beyond his
extensive list of publications are the lists of accolades and posthumous
awards in chemistry and science, medicine, and humanitarianism.
And his longevity may be conclusive to his research and understanding
of health and medicine. Linus Pauling lived to be 93. He passed
away on August 19th, 1994. EMc
AK issue n.11 - Fall 2001
Terrence J. Bennett, D.C.
Terrence Bennett was a chiropractor from California who, in the 1930s,
began to map out reflex areas on the body which became known in applied
kinesiology as neurovascular points. The following is an edited excerpt
from Dynamics of Correction of Abnormal Function, a text based
on the lectures of Dr. Terrence Bennett. The compilation pictured
above was created by Ralph J. Martin, D.C., while the partial introduction
below was written by William A. Nelson, D.C.
Dr. Bennett was a man, largely self-educated, who was to live
in the minds of chiropractors. Today, those who have not studied the
technique often tend to view it with awe and mysticism particularly
if they have heard of the sometimes phenomenal results produced.
Graduating from chiropractic college, Bennett established his
practice in San Francisco. He always looked upon chiropractic as the
drugless alternative to medicine, although he did not exclude the
occasional need of the latter profession.
As his practice grew, Bennett became discontented with the inconsistency
of results he was experiencing in some cases. He believed the laws
of nature to be consistent and he expected consistency in therapeutic
accomplishments. Recognizing that spinal adjustments were effective
because of their influence on the nervous system, he became an avid
student of neurology. He devoured text after text in an insatiable
attempt to find the answers he felt must be there. A word here, a
phrase there all became useful clues that enabled him to construct
a theory that has withstood the test of time.
As the student would listen during his lectures, he was acutely
aware that Bennett was exposing new frontiers to him. Clinicians in
his day were largely concerned with structure and how best to modify
it. Bennett early in his studies realized the key to health restoration
lay in controlling function by the best tool he had the nervous
system. The further he progressed, the more exciting it became. Many
hours were spent before a fluoroscope while he sought ways of using
the nervous system to change the function of a particular viscus.
It is felt that this long x-ray exposure materially contributed to
his death in 1962.
Bennett was a clinician through and through. Whether he had
to sit up all night with a sick patient or go with the patient to
a surgeon was of small matter as long as something was learned. He
had little time for theorizing academicians or structurally oriented
pedagogues; he was convinced function controlled structure and answers
had to be found by application. The holistic concept was not very
popular in Bennetts day so he often times seemed out of step
with many of his colleagues whereas today he would enjoy a larger
audience. In characteristic self-effacing manner, he offered his knowledge
to his beloved profession but the leaders at that time were not able
to grasp the value of what he was so freely offering. Not only did
Bennett leave us a therapy but, of equal importance, a diagnostic
procedure that complements and enhances orthodox diagnosis.
AK issue n.10 - Summer 2001
Bartlett Joshua Palmer, D.C. (1881-1961)
While Daniel David (D.D.) Palmer was known as the founder of chiropractic,
his son, Bartlett Joshua (B.J.), was known as the developer of the
profession. B.J. was instrumental in the evolution of the science,
art, and philosophy of chiropractic. He was only fourteen years old
when his father made the first adjustment on Harvey Lillard in 1895,
but this experience fascinated him enough to become his only interest;
the idea of dedicating his life to this new profession was immediately
imbedded in his mind. In 1906, he wrote the first textbook of chiropractic,
The Science of Chiropractic, which gave his father, D.D. Palmer,
incentive to finish his own text four years later. B.J. reportedly
had a photographic memory and an incredible intuition which exalted
him to a position of leadership in the fields of scientific research
and development. His radiology department, created only thirteen years
after Roentgen made his discovery of x-rays, was among the first and
best structures of its kind in the country and led to the first full-spine
standing radiograph. His osteologic laboratory and museum were so
impressive that in 1928 the Council of Medical Education and Hospitals
declared that it "without a doubt represented the best collection
of human spines in existence".
He founded one of the most advanced clinics dedicated to health in
the American Midwest at that time with a staff of medical doctors,
chiropractors, a complete diagnostic laboratory, and a sports medicine
department. He also maintained control of the Clear View Sanitary
for the Mentally Ill for twenty years. The instrument he utilized
in 1935, the electroencefaloneuromentimpograph, which permitted the
reading of brain waves and their conduction through the spinal cord,
was a forerunner of the modern electoencephalogram used today in clinical
diagnosis. B.J. would go to bed early each evening, only to awaken
at two or three in the morning to begin writing his books, now referred
to as "the green books". His literary output was enormous 39 volumes
which consist of over 10,000 pages. Most of his work is currently
available for research through the Palmer College of Chiropractic
Library in Davenport, Iowa.
AK issue n.9 - Spring 2001
Travell, M.D. (1901-1997)
described, in detail, her introduction to myofascial trigger points
in her autobiography, Office Hours: Day and Night. Although
she was brought up on the unitary concept of disease, that all the
patients symptoms should be explained by one diagnosis, she soon
learned that life is not like that. The man who has both pulmonary
tuberculosis and heart disease may suddenly die of cancer of the
lung. Patient complaints that originate in the musculoskeletal system
usually have multiple causes responsible for the total picture.
The successful treatment of Senator Kennedy, five years prior to
his election as President of the United States, led Dr. Travell
to the position of White House Physician under Presidents John F.
Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. She was the first woman to ever serve
at that post and the first civilian to do so since the Warren G.
Harding administration. Except for that one short detour, she never
strayed from her primary focus on the diagnosis and management of
myofascial pain syndromes due to trigger points. This clinical research
culminated in the two-volume publication, with co-author Dr. David
G. Simons, Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction: The Trigger Point
Manual, the standard text on the subject to the present day.
In addition to conducting clinical research and serving as White
House physician, Dr. Travell was an associate professor of Clinical
Pharmacology at Cornell University Medical College in New York City
for thirty years and Emeritus Professor of Medicine at the George
Washington University School of Medicine in Washington, D.C. Her
personal papers were donated to the George Washington University
where they are available for research at the Gelman Library.
AK issue n.8
- Winter 2000-2001
William Garner Sutherland, D.O. (1872-1954)
William G. Sutherland
had the opportunity to study with Dr. Andrew Taylor Still, the founder
of the science of osteopathy. In his teaching, Dr. Still always
emphasized the design for motion in the articulations of the bones.
One day in 1899, during Sutherlands senior year at the American
School of Osteopathy, he viewed a specially prepared and mounted
skull. At that moment, Sutherland experienced a flash of insight
which saw the articulation of the sphenosquamous suture as a design
for motion that implied a respiratory mechanism "like the gills
of a fish". Given the statements in anatomical texts that the
sutures of the cranium ossify in the adult, he had much skepticism
and reservation about his own insight for years. During his in-depth
studies in the years that followed, Dr. Sutherland had to confront
the fact of a mobility that has no muscular agencies to account
for the motion.
This kind of study of the mechanics of articular mechanisms in the
living human body led him to recognize powers within his patients
which could resolve problems and heal strains. Based on what he
learned from his patients, Dr. Sutherland developed many ways of
practicing osteopathy. He considered that he was utilizing a profound
science which just kept unfolding its truths, and often said in
his lectures that if you understand the mechanism, the treatment
Pictured above is Dr. Sutherland, the father of cranial osteopathy,
and his revolutionary text, The Cranial Bowl (1939), the
culmination of years of clinical research.
AK issue n.7 - Fall 2000
Major B. De Jarnette, D.C., D.O.
Major B. De
Jarnette (1899-1992) desired to become an electrical design engineer
for automobiles in 1920. This abruptly ended by an accidental explosion
leaving him incapacitated to the extent that he sought help from
the osteopathic and chiropractic professions. His resolve, if he
recovered, was be to help mankind in any way possible. He chose
to enter Lincoln College of Chiropractic in Nebraska, graduating
in 1924. He subsequently earned an osteopathic degree in 1926.
Opening his practice in Nebraska City, Nebraska in 1925, his clinical
and adjusting skills did not go unnoticed by other chiropractic
physicians who began to send him non-responding patients. This was
the origin of his clinical research which originated from an intense
desire to understand the subluxation and its effects. He corresponded
with many of these chiropractors about his findings, leading him
to document and teach his method as a technique in 1930. Dr. De
Jarnette coined his method Sacro Occipital Technique (SOT),
writing about his clinical findings in two or three publications
a year until 1984, upon his retirement.
He founded the Sacro Occipital Research Society, International (SORSI)
in 1957 to allow others to teach and assist him in research and
continue on when he did retire. SORSI today, in the 75th year of
Dr. De Jarnette's diamond technique, continues the teaching and
research of SOT worldwide. Dr. De Jarnette had a desire to do research
on how to improve the chiropractic adjustment for better patient
care. His technique establishes him as one of the premier chiropractic
pioneers in the profession.
AK issue n.6 - Summer 2000
Lee, D.D.S., was born in Linden, Wisconsin, on April 7, 1895. His
interest in science and nutrition was expressed at an early age,
as he began compiling a notebook on biochemistry and nutrition and
started collecting books on those subjects - a passion he continued
throughout his lifetime. After serving in the U.S. Army during World
War I, he enrolled in Marquette University Dental School and graduated
in 1924. It was there that problems of poor nutrition became one
of his major interests. A paper he prepared in December 1923 outlined
the relationship of vitamin deficiency to tooth decay and showed
the necessity of vitamins in the diet. His continuing research led
to the development of Catalyn, a vitamin concentrate derived from
natural sources and one of the first multivitamin, multiple mineral
and trace element, and multiple glandular, in existence. In 1929
the Vitamin Products Company was founded and the one original product
became the nucleus of a complete line of nutritional supplements
that would evolve into the present-day vitamin company, Standard
Process Inc. In addition to pioneering the field of nutrition, Dr.
Lee was the inventor of a wide variety of dental, mechanical, automotive
and electrical equipment and filed for over 70 patents on all types
of equipment, processes, internal combustion engines, and food products.
Pictured above next to Dr. Lee is "The Vitamin News", a collection
of his writings that was published on a monthly basis. These newsletters
provided useful information to support the healthcare practitioner
and offered a wide range of topics necessary for the understanding
of whole-food nutrition. They are included in the reading and publications
list of the non-profit organization, the International Foundation
for Nutrition and Health.
AK issue n.5
- Spring 2000
Andrew Taylor Still
Pictured above is Andrew Taylor Still (1828-1917), the father of osteopathy, and his first text entitled The Philosophy and Mechanical Principles of Osteopathy, published in 1902. A.T. Still was convinced that the 19th and early 20th century patient care was severely inadequate. Completely rejected by the traditional medical establishment, he chose to establish a parallel medical educational system that he called "osteopathy", which represented several themes articulated by Charles S. Pierce, a philosopher who was known as the father of pragmatism in the late 1850s. Still finally broke with allopathy on June 24, 1874, when he "flung the banner of osteopathy to the breeze". Still's beliefs were based on the conceptualization of humankind as "self-sustaining". According to Still, "Within man's body, there is a capacity for health. If this capacity is recognized and normalized, disease can be both prevented and treated."
AK issue n.4 - Fall 1999
THE TRIAD OF HEALTH
Many in chiropractic have described the triad of health, beginning with D.D. Palmer in his text The Science, Art and Philosophy of Chiropractic. Health is composed of structural, chemical, and mental factors that should be ba-lanced, forming an equila-teral triangle. When a person experiences poor health, one of the three factors of the triad of health is always involved. With severe health problems and chronicity, two or all three of the factors may be contributors. Applied kinesiology enables us to evaluate the triad's balance.
AK issue n.3 - Spring 1999
Frank Chapman, D.O., discovered the "Chapman reflexes" in the 1930's and published his work An Endocrine Interpretation of Chapman's Reflexes in 1937. He correlated the reflexes with specific organs and glands, and with different types of health problems.
The work of many important authors and researchers such as Korr, Pottenger, Travell, Judovitch, Bates and Speransky has focused clinical attention on this
aspect of pathologic physiology.
A major breaktrough for kinesiologist's in the use of the neurolymphatic reflex was accomplished by Dr. George Goodheart when he correlated the neurolymphatic organ association with specific muscle association.
AK issue n.2 - Fall 1998
Postural and Stabilometric evaluation is lately becoming quite popular, but has been in use for some time. This photograph taken from the first issue of the Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics (March 1978) shows the Four Position Illi Scale for postural evaluation by anteroposterior and lateral weight distribution on the feet.
AK issue n.1
- Winter 1998
Photographs taken from the texts "Muscles-testing and Function", published in 1949 by Williams and Wilkins and "Posture and Pain", published in 1952 by Robert E. Kreiger Company, Inc.
Muscle testing procedures used by Kinesiologists and AK practioners were mostly derived from those first used by Henry O. Kendall and Florence P. Kendall.