AK issue n.2 - Fall 1998

Articles - Abstract

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Editor's Note

Thank you readers, what a response! When Castello Publishing decided to put this magazine together we were sure it would be well received, but the result was far beyond our imaginations. We received great reviews and compliments from our readers. This has given us a tremendous amount of satisfaction and makes all those late night, red-eyed, coffee sessions worth the effort. In an era where the publishing industry is undergoing a crisis, we are happy to get off to a good start. We hope to continue to grow and be a success by not only bringing information pertinent to the world of kinesiologic medicine by providing research synthesis and analysis, but also hope to talk about the people and their personalities that make this a reality. Most people know what the news is but we want to let you know what is behind the news. We think that the busy kinesiologist also wants a break every so often from only science and research journals; that they might want a change and read about the people behind the research. You may have noticed the change in the format of our magazine. This was due to our need to conform to industry standards, by switching from A4 size to a more classic 27.5 by 20 cm size. We will also publish four issues in 1999 instead of the two in 1998.

"The Pioneer": the Story of how Applied Kinesiology came to be.
by Nancy Hestera
Photographs by Stephen Graham

Trail blazers of all types have given society reason to applaud as their diligence and methodical work have led to extraordinary scientific discoveries.
For example, in 1854, Dr. John Snow's careful observation was instrumental in ending the 1854 London Cholera outbreak. He simply studied the locations of the sick on a street map which led him to conclude that the contamination was coming from the city water pump. Jacques Cousteau's amazing contribution in co-inventing the Aqua-Lung in 1943 opened new horizons in underwater exploration. Just fifty years ago the Technological Revolution began when two Bell Lab scientists invented a gadget called the transistor and through Andrew Grove's perseverance and vision the technology was advanced into computer microchips which have given us instant access to people and information all around the world. The great inventor Alexander Graham Bell once eloquently stated that National Geographic's mission was to "better understand the world and everything in it." Each pioneer of research and exploration shares that common goal, "the pursuit of bettering the world in which we live." We are so fortunate as to be witnessing the extraordinary evolution of the diagnostic technique known as Applied Kinesiology. AK founder, Dr. George Goodheart's own personal philosophy is "Just do the best at what you do and everything will work out all right." At age 79, Dr. Goodheart is intellectually as active as ever and continues to develop new theories and procedures. The simple recipe that he follows is this, "You need to learn to see what everyone else sees but learn to think differently about it."

Jugular Compression in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Cranio-sacral Lesions
by Joe Shafer, D.C., DIBAK

Manual compression of the jugular veins (Queckenstedt's Maneuver) is regularly used during routine lumbar puncture procedures. In healthy persons, a rise in CSF pressure is expected at the site of puncture during compression of the veins. The author has observed consistent clinical significance in the use of the maneuver for cranio-sacral and dural membrane evaluation and treatment. In patients with a normal metabolic rate and exhibiting normal cranio-sacral, stomatognathic and dural membrane mechanics, compression of the jugular veins causes no change in pre-compression muscle strength. When dysfunction is present, immediate and significant changes in pre-compression muscle strength has been observed. It is hypothesized that the use of the technique during routine applied kinesiology examination is an invaluable aid to cranio-sacral therapy.

The Bite - part 2

by Filippo Misitano, M.D., Dentist
Umberto Misitano, Dentist

Bites, which are also called "Bite planes", or even "Splints", are the subject of this article, which could be entitled "Terminology Used in Defining Bites", with the sub-title, "Daily Use". With the passing of time, bites - originally used for false teeth - were used as orthodontic devices and then functional positioners for dental arches (or functional bites). A functional bite is a bite with a flat surface that touches both of the upper cuspids if the bite covers the lower teeth, or the lower cuspids if the bite covers the upper teeth. It has the following functions:

  • modification of muscular memory;
  • modification of proprioception;
  • muscular relaxation;
  • functional positioning of the mandible;
  • stretching mandibular muscles.

Neuromuscular Effects of Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction
Vincent Esposito, D.C., Brooklyn, NY
Gerald Leisman, M.D. and Yael Frankenthal

Institute for Biomedical Engineering and Rehabilitation Services Touro College, 135 Carman Road, Dix Hills, New York 11746 USA
Reprinted with permission, International Journal of Neuroscience, Vol. 68, No. 3-4, February, 1993. Copyright Gordan and Breach Science Publishers S.A. Neurologically intact male and female TMJ dysfunction patients with or without cervical spine involvement were examined using standard clinical neurologic testing for balance and coordination. Seventy percent of the TMJ patients without cervical involvement exhibited positive signs for balance, coordination, and/or ataxia found in response to having the patient's mandible stressed by extending it as far as possible laterally, and also opened (as wide as possible) or closed (biting down). The performance of patients with cervical involvement was not significantly different than those without cervical involvement. Further examination of the relation between the TMJ and auditory, visual, cerebellar, and coordination mechanisms is therefore indicated.

Psychoneuroimmunology Its Origins, Evolution and Implications in the Treatment of Pathologies
by Anna Zanardi, Ph.D.

Psychoneuroimmunology (also referred to as psychoneuroendocrinoimmunology, PNEI) is part of a new revolution in medicine, which by no coincidence, follows the changes in the physical and biological paradigms hinging on Einsteinian theories which are recent discoveries in quantum medicine and of the holographic universe hypothesis. Today it is no longer possible to talk about exact science or humanistic science. Our world is no longer describable by prospective dichotomies. On the contrary, everything becomes one and interconnected. Quantum physics investigates the paranormal, biology looks at the molecule of the subatomic where everything is relative. Lastly, medicine integrates a unique pattern of the action of the body and mind. How did we arrive at this revolution?


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