AK issue n.18 - Fall 2004

Articles - Abstract

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When George Goodheart started developing applied kinesiology over 40 years ago, little did he know that millions of people would have their lives touched by his ingenious discovery.
Since then, many approaches have been developed based on Dr Goodheart's initial observations. This has both helped and, unfortunately, hindered the development of applied kinesiology.
Taking into account the success of applied kinesiology, one common factor is apparent when I have spoken on many occasions with the leaders in our field. These people have successful careers that are matched by satisfying personal lives. These people seem to be in control of their lives, rather than the other way around. Take for example Eric, President of the International Council of Applied Kinesiology, and Lucy Pierotti who after 25 years of marriage seem to be in the first year of love. The same goes for other "AK couples" such as the Goodhearts, the Leafs, the Walthers, the Duffys, the Spreisers, and many more we can't name owing to limitations in space.
These people seem to be organized in their work and personal lives as well as juggling projects, decision-making and improving inter-personal relationships among other challenges.
These people have also served as an example for the AK Journal staff to follow. They don't just survive, they thrive, overcoming every new challenge they face.
The AK Journal is now in its 18th issue and seventh year of publication, has subscribers in countries all over the world, and is the only peer-reviewed journal in the world dedicated to applied kinesiology published on a regular basis.
We hope to follow our AK role models and continue to thrive.
I would also like to thank the ICAK for their trust in asking the AK Journal to help organize the ICAK annual meeting in Rome (see Highlights, page 34-35). All attendees were satisfied with both the academic and social programs, and it was a pleasure to see that applied kinesiology is thriving.
Thank you also to Angy Rowe, former assistant of Dr ML Rees, and to Dr Catherine Quill and her staff at I Am WellCare in Massachusetts for their collaboration on this issue's Archive.

Transcribed from a presentation by
Jean-Pierre Meersseman, DC, DIBAK, in Rome, March 2004

When they asked me if I wanted the job, I said, sure, but on one condition. I really wanted to have the power to control things. So the first thing that we did was to fire the total medical staff. The second thing that we did was to fire all the physiotherapists. And we started from scratch. Basically, applying the principles of applied kinesiology, taking care of the structure, the biochemical system, and the mental site.

We won the championship the first year. That was six years ago. The biggest trouble started after that because we were sure that we had really found the way to be in control of things. The year after we ended third, the next year we ended sixth. At a certain point in time we bought a new player. Now you must understand the total players' value, the market value, is e 600 million. So, you cannot play around; you have to produce results and protect this powerful money. We happened to buy the player who happened to be elected that same year the best European player. He was Fernando Redondo. He was captain of Real Madrid, for those of you who do not follow soccer that is a good team, Manchester is also a good team, AC Milan is a very good team! We bought this player for about e 15 million, that was about four years ago, and his future wages over a three-year contract were another e 15 million. This is net income - not bad! So we are talking about e 30 million, which is a lot of money. So before you go and buy him and sign the contract, you examine the guy - from the top of his head to the bottom of his feet, you examine everything. All types of examinations, from neurologists to kinesiologists, etc, and he was really a perfect human specimen. Three days later he was running, in fact he was walking, and he tore a muscle. This had never had happened before. Ten days later his knee gave away. To make a long story short, he was operated on three times over a two-year period and couldn't play anymore. So we lost not only the player but also the money invested. You must understand that soccer is in a very bad situation here in Italy. Clubs are losing money, dramatic amounts of money, all over the world but particularly in Italy and Spain. So, anyhow, we lost this player and we had to look back and try to understand how it had happened. We had just looked at him and everything was ok. He was perfect. There was nothing special happening, and if so we should have found it, so what happened?


The computer breaks down all the data into the structural, mental, and bio-chemical areas and assesses all the tests. It produces a traffic-light analogy and a one-to-ten rating. If a red light (one to four) is the result of all the data analysis, the player is stopped; yellow (five to six) he is watched carefully; brown (six to just above seven) is a warning signal and blue (eight to ten) is ok. It is very mathematical: 4.7 is the point where an injury occurs.
Players are given a summary report to compare with themselves and the other players to see and evaluate their own progress and trends.
The Milan Lab Project grew out of an initial ideal to help Milan to protect is most important assets by using neural technology to prevent injuries to players. The project developed beyond its original predictive scope to become a full-featured human resources management tool.
The Milan Lab represents the core systems containing all data on AC Milan's players. Our approach was to realize a Knowledge Management system that enables AC Milan to exploit this patrimony as a factor for competitive advantage and improved management.
AC Milan is the first club in Europe creating its own scientific research center, focused on soccer. AC Milan Lab staff is composed of a group of technical experts and scientists.
The data from the biomedical devices, together with information input by users of the Milan Lab system (doctors, personal trainers, chiropractors, coaches, etc) are stored in a specially structured database. Absolutely everything is written down, and everybody has access to the database and information.
We started this project on paper three years ago. It took immensely long discussions and projecting and resources. We did a pilot study three years ago on the analysis of a jump. The only data we had accumulated was the analysis of a dyna-jump. You basically measure the angles of the knees with electro-myography hooked up to the muscles. We measured flexibility, speed, etc, on a platform, and we had about 60,000 bits of data. Every jump has about 200 data for each jump; 60,000 data over six years is not enough to really put it into a narrow network. If you put the data from the dyna-jump into the system of neural networking, the injury rate could be predicted with a 70% accuracy, which is already much better than flipping a coin! So, you could do an analysis of a simple jump, put it into the system and predict with a 70% accuracy whether the player is going to get hurt or not. And that is interesting. So, if that is true, and all the mathematicians who work with us, and there are quite a few, confirmed these figures, it would be interesting to start accumulating data in all areas. A jump test is just a performance test; it is not anything particular. We started to accumulate data from the structural area, ie, how is the spine working, the teeth, feet, gait, etc, and biophysical data (and on a daily basis the kinesiological data) plus the psychological data. We set up the lab with apparatus that could feed the neural network and come up with results. Players are tested every fortnight (every fifteen days) and cause and effect data is collected everyday.
To interject, there was a situation a couple of years ago when a defenseman was let go. He was taken back a few months later when another player got injured. He is now 38 and is playing much better now than he was two years ago. Another player is 36 years old, a couple of years ago he was gone, now he one of the top players in Europe. And there are several more examples such as this.

Last year AC Milan won the championship league; I believe that they will win again this year.


By Donald McDowall, DC, DIBAK

A new approach to supporting the functional movement of the foot without the use of orthotics is discussed. A short review of myo-tendinous attachments of the foot is presented with associated treatments.

Epidemiologic studies provide strong support for the clinical advantages of orthoses, yet explanations of foot orthotic mechanisms remain elusive. Researchers await a more complete theoretical understanding of the mechanisms of foot orthotics (1). Some studies are considering the 3-dimensional effects of subtalar joint motion on the entire kinetic chain (2).
Chiropractors and other manipulators have developed techniques to treat a variety of foot conditions. Some even propose using this area of skill as a bridge to working with physical therapists (3).
Probably the most frequently a
chiropractor looks at the feet is indirectly when checking for a leg length discrepancy. At this time the most common observation is usually of foot
rotation (4).
Walther describes a variety of approaches to resolving foot problems (5). I will not discuss existing techniques in this paper.
The graphics of Netter (see illustration) illustrate the attachments of the lower leg muscles at both their origin on the femur, tibia, and fibula and their insertion on the foot.
I will demonstrate testing the integrity of these muscles quickly and efficiently for diagnostic purposes and for treatment procedure for rapid correction.


My observations are an application of Goodheart's work regarding origin-insertion technique recorded in his 1964 manual. I have applied these observations in regard to micro avulsion of the periosteal attachments of the tendons being the initial injury of most foot problems. These foot problems are easily fixed leaving the use of orthotics to chronic pathologies of the foot.


By Alfio Caronti, DC, MS

The attention of posture specialists is concentrated on the Sensorial Systems. The visual, auditory, stomatognathic, podalic, and cranio-sacral systems, to name but a few, are studied as a complex group but taken into consideration individually. Scientific research has given little indication as to which should take priority in rehabilitation activities. The behavior of pain-receptor nerves continues to be the most important source of information for most posture specialists.
Kinesiological exams have played an important part in this work. They have proved to be a simple, non-invasive method by which to study the behavior of the Sensorial Systems in the various different postural stances. Dedicated tools objectified the research: from electromyograms to posture and balance platforms to impedance meters, with the help of physiologists, neurologists, dieticians, and graduates in motor sciences.

The quest for tools capable of giving advanced warning of potential dangers owing to poor posture has always been a priority for those dealing with the equilibrium of the muscular-skeletal system. Since the beginning of the 1990s this interest has grown considerably owing to the fact that we have realized that any stimulation to the various nerve receptors can lead to postural adaptations. One particular machine is deservedly the focus of much attention: the posture and balance platform. Posture is measured using kilograms to indicate the degree of movement of bodyweight within the weight-bearing base of the feet. Balance evaluation interprets movement, indicating distance from the ideal position, speed of oscillation and the surface area covered in a specified unit of time from the patient's center of gravity.


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