AK issue n.1 - Winter 1998

Articles - Abstract

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Editor's Note

This is the premiere issue of the magazine dedicated to Applied Kinesiology and other forms of Kinesiology which we will refer to as Kinesiologic Medicine. Our goal is simple: To increase the world-wide audience of Kinesiologic Medicine. There is an expression that says, there is strength in numbers. If we are united in our mission we can accomplish many things. Eventually, we hope AK Journal through a co-operative effort will give the international community a deeper understanding of Kinesiologic Medicine. My personal objectives are firstly, to promote the expansion of AK by creating an AK resource that offers ideas that are both informative and useful immediately, and secondly, to spread the principles and proven AK techniques to practitioners around the world who promote good health and well being. There are, unfortunately, thousands of self-proclaimed kinesiologists who are not formally trained or licensed in clinical diagnosis. There are also courses given by unqualified instructors who are not certified by the ICAK. AK Journal would like to bring those with the pertinent knowledge together with those limited in their abilities in order to maintain the high standards that are attributed to Kinesiologic Medicine.

An Historical Overview of Applied Kinesiology

Throughout the world today, there are thousands of doctors in all professions - chiropractic, dentistry, medicine, osteopathy, and podiatry - from many countries practicing AK

The Chemo Architecture of the Brain
Sheldon C. Deal, D.C., DIBAK

UCLA, French and Israel researchers have identified three main types of opiate receptors (delta, mu and kappa).1,2 Researchers in Scotland were the first to identify naturally occurring substances (Enkephalins and Endorphins) as opiates that bind to specific receptors in the brain. This paper is an attempt to explain how these opiates are a product of the mind and how the mind body produces them. Examples are given of the effect the mind has on our bodies. The paper concludes by giving a philosophical outlook on life based on the principals here within discussed.

From Perceptual and Motor Skills, 1995
Electromyographic effects of fatigue and task repetition on the validity of estimates of strong and weak muscles in applied kinesiological muscle-testing procedures
Gerald Leisman
Robert Zenhausen
Avery Ferentz, Tesfaye Tefera, Alexander Zemcov
Institute for Biomedical Engineering and Rehabilitation Services of Touro College

The study investigated the effects of fatigue and task repetition on the relationship between integrated electromyogram and force output during subjective clinical testing of upper extremity muscles. Muscles were studied under two conditions differing in the nature and duration of constant force production (SHORT-F) and (LONG-F). The findings included a significant relationship between force output and integrated EMG, a significant increase in efficiency of muscle activity with task repetition, and significant difference between Force/integrated EMG ratios for muscles labeled "Strong" and "Weak" in the LONG-F condition. This supports Smith's 1974 notion that practice results in increased muscular efficency. With fatigue, integrated EMG activity increased strongly and functional (force) output of the muscle remained stable or decreased. Fatigue results in a less efficient muscle process. Muscles subjectively testing "Weak" or "Strong" yiel effects significantly different from fatigue.

Deborah Compagnoni
A Chiropractic Case
The world champion skier looks to Chiropractic and Applied Kinesiology to help keep her on top
by Michela Ottaviani

With three world championships and two Olympic gold medals already to her credit, ski champion Deborah Compagnoni is optimistic about her future and the upcoming Olympic Games in Nagano, Japan. Even this year, she stands an excellent chance of bringing home even more world titles and gold medals. No other skier has attained such extraordinary results thanks in part to chiropractic and applied kinesiology.

Feet and Posture by Alfio Caronti, D.C.

Our body is not immobile but continually oscillates according to special and complex rhythms in order to maintain its equilibrium. The mechanisms which provides and regulates postural activity is involuntary and utilizes sensory-motor systems at a variety of levels. Postural reflexes hold a permanent contraction (muscular tone) against gravity in a number of skeletal muscle groups which also control articulations. This involves a set of reflex activities which receive information from different receptors via more or less complex nerve circuits. These circuits are responsible for regulating the muscular tone actions of the limbs and rachis as well as the range of movement for various articulations.

The "Bite"
Part 1

by Andrea Pelosi, Dentist and Alfio Caronti, Chiropractor

A small device placed in the teeth of a skier proves to be a panacea for correcting his posture, allowing him to deliver maximum performance and adapt perfectly to his movements. In recent years, more and more Alpine, Nordic and World Cup skiers - especially those from Norway, Slovenia, and the United States - have used oral devices, technically called "bite planes". These devices, placed in the mouth, are effective in correcting oral problems that bring about disruptions in other parts of the body such as back aches, headaches, etc. Through the CONI (Italian National Olympic Committee) Research and Experimentation Division and the FISI (Italian Federation of winter sports) Scientific Research and Medical Commission, our Federation is following athletes on various national teams to evaluate the need for this type of therapy. It's worth remembering that the mouth is not the only afferent region under consideration, the eyes, podalic support, the spinal column and hips are also being examined, as well as older traumas in order to restore correct posture. This article aims to better explain how bites are used. Chicco Cotelli

Autogenic Inhibition
A look at the importance of the Golgi Tendon Organ
Richard Belli, D.C.

The symphony of autogenic inhibition working autogenic facilitation provides the central nervous system with the negative feedback necessary for smooth movement. Autogenic inhibition is one of the neurological components affected by osseous manipulation. Manual muscle testing is a simple and extremely valuable tool in evaluating autogenic inhibition. Dysfunction of autogenic inhibition dysfunction is correctable by components of osseous manipulation.


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